Résumé or CV: What’s the Difference?
Although the terms are sometimes used interchangeably, a CV and a résumé are different documents used for different purposes.
A resume is a one- (or two-) page summary of your skills, experience, and education, usually used to apply for employment in the U.S. A résumé is brief and concise, and highlights the information most relevant to the job you’re applying for.
A curriculum vitae is longer (at least two pages) and provides a more detailed summary of your educational and academic backgrounds, as well as teaching and research experience, publications, presentations, awards, honors, affiliations, and other details.In Europe, the Middle East, Africa, or Asia, employers may expect to receive a curriculum vitae for job applications. In the United States, a CV is used primarily when applying for academic, education, scientific, or research positions. It is also applicable when applying for fellowships or grants.
Guidelines for Creating a Résumé That Gets You an Interview
There’s no one “right” way to write a résumé or CV, but here are some guidelines to help you create one that gets you the interviews you’re seeking.
Follow “Résumé Style”
- Be brief. Make every word count and avoid flowery language.
- List employment and education items in reverse chronological order (most recent first).
- Generally, omit articles (e.g., a, an, the), and omit pronouns (I, me, my, you, your).
- For emphasis, you can use bold, italics, or CAPITALS, but be careful not to overdo it.
Include Only True and Relevant Information
It should go without saying that everything on your résumé needs to be true. Information is relevant if it helps make the case that you are qualified for the position you seek and would be an asset to the organization.
- Employment history (including volunteer work) over the past three to five years
- Coursework (if relevant, and be brief)
- Honors and awards
- Community service projects
- International experiences
You might want to create a “master” résumé that includes everything, and then tailor it for each application.
Positioning Is Important
What comes first almost always gets read first, so order information accordingly.
Choose Words With Impact
Be aware that in your résumé every word counts. Describe your skills in functional terms using strong nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs that express your key accomplishments and relevant experience well. Delete or replace any word that is not pulling its weight.
Aim for a fairly general description of your skills so that their transferability to other fields is readily obvious, but be specific enough to be clear.
Too specific: Work well with Boy Scouts and church youth
Better: Readily establish lively rapport with students and other youth
Identify component skills that are associated with more general skills you possess.
General: Good manager
- Adept at planning, organizing, programming, directing, administering, supervising, analyzing
- Unusually perceptive in analyzing human relations
- Highly skilled in mathematics, with highly developed interpretive abilities
- Designed statistical surveys that were presented to and utilized by senior management
You will need to have hard copies of your résumé printed on quality paper, as well as a PDF you can email or upload.