Optometrists focus on all aspects of the eye. They deal with everything from detached retinas, to cataracts, to far- or nearsightedness, along with other disorders affecting the internal and external structures of the eye. Additionally, playing a role in the primary care of a patient, they can utilize eye examinations to identify hypertension and other systemic illnesses.

Please note: This is an informational page for current SPU students and does not represent a program that SPU offers.

To apply to optometry school, the applicant must first complete an undergraduate degree, covering such prerequisite classes as biology, chemistry, math, and English, ensuring to meet the specific requirements for the schools of interest. The admission test, Optometry Admission Test (OAT), is also required, along with proof of outside activities that lend well to a career working with patients and optometry such as shadowing and volunteering. The application for all optometry schools is streamed through the OptomCAS application program. After completing the four-year program, one may choose to undergo a one-year residency program allowing for specialization in a topic such as glaucoma. All optometrists must pass the National Board of Examiners in Optometry (NBEO) in order to receive their license.

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General Information


A Doctor of Optometry school is a four-year long program. Once completed, a final exam should be passed before obtaining a license.


Prerequisites vary depending on the school, but in general the following are required for consideration:

  • Completion of the following course work:
    • Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and Math
  • Optometry Admission Test
  • Sufficient experience in the field is required, and can include shadowing or internships related to optometry.

Standardized Tests

After completing an optometry program, optometrists must pass the National Board of Examiners in Optometry (NBEO®) Exam.

Content provided by PPHS students Mariah Schultz and Charlotte Ritchie