Biology

BIO 1101: Biological Fundamentals (5)

Offerings

Intended for non-biology majors. This course is focused on fundamental biological principles. Emphasis varies quarterly: animal biology, biological diversity, marine biology, and others. Basic concepts include Mendelian genetics and evolutionary theory. Biological theories and laws are related to Christian perspectives.

Attributes: WK Fundamental Science

BIO 1103: Applications of Biology (5)

Offerings

Intended for non-biology majors. This course focuses on the application of biological principles to issues of human concern. Emphasis varies quarterly: Human biology, environmental biology, and others. Basic concepts include Mendelian genetics and evolutionary theory. Biological theories and laws are related to Christian perspectives.

Attributes: WK Applied Science

BIO 1104: Environmental Science (5)

Offerings

Intended for non-majors. This course, held at our Blakely Island Field Station, introduces environmental science and ways that humans interact with the natural world. Topics covered may include geology, global climate, ocean chemistry, and fisheries and forest management. We will examine these topics with a multi-disciplinary approach, employing not only science but also economics and political science.

Attributes: WK Applied Science

BIO 1105: Marine Restoration Ecology (5)

Offerings

Principles of marine restoration ecology as well as supporting system-specific content to support a specific marine restoration project will be examined. For example, this course is offered as a study-abroad opportunity in Bali, Indonesia where coral reef restoration in an area damaged by cyanide fishing will be used as a focal project. The economic, political, and sociological drivers of human-environment interactions will be considered.

Attributes: Cultural Understand&Engagement, WK Applied Science

BIO 1106: Ecological Fundamentals (5)

Offerings

Intended for non-biology majors. This course will focus on the biological field of ecology, which investigates the interactions between living things and their environment. Topics to be covered may include population growth, community interactions (e.g., predation and competition), ecosystem services (e.g., nutrient cycling), and global ecology (e.g., climate change). Ecological principles will be connected to theological principles with particular focus on the development of scientifically informed Creation care.

Attributes: WK Fundamental Science

BIO 1121: Coral Reef Ecology (5)

Offerings

This course examines the structure and function of living organisms and how these organisms interact with their environment, using the Belizean Coral Reef ecosystem as a model. The diversity of fishes, algae, seaweeds, corals, and other organisms will be considered.

Attributes: Cultural Understand&Engagement, WK Fundamental Science

BIO 1123: Humans and Coral Reefs (5)

Offerings

The impact of humans on the environment will be examined via a study of the ecology of the Belizean Coral Reef ecosystem. The cultures and history of Belize will also be considered, especially in light of impacts on the environment.

Attributes: Cultural Understand&Engagement, WK Applied Science

BIO 1145: Oceanography (5)

Offerings

An integrative course focused on fundamental biological, chemical, physical and geological principles of oceanography. Includes consideration of the scientific method and current research.

Equivalents: PHY 1145 Attributes: WK Fundamental Science

BIO 1859: Biology Cornerstone Seminar (1)

Offerings

A gateway to the study of biology intended for all students who plan to major in biology. Emphasis is on building successful networks between freshmen and upperclassmen Biology students and Biology faculty. Students will participate in workshops on degree planning, discussion of research papers and career discernment.

BIO 2101: General Biology (5)

Offerings

Intended for students majoring in biology. Surveys scientific method, chemistry of living organisms, organization of cells, and foundations of genetics and molecular biology. Includes laboratory. Extra Fee. Fee(s): Biology Laboratory Fee

Attributes: WK Fundamental Science Prerequisites: CHM 1211: C- or better OR CHM 1310: C- or better OR Chemistry Proficiency Exam: 35 or better

BIO 2101L: General Biology Lab (0)

Offerings

Lab Component of BIO 2101.

BIO 2102: General Biology (5)

Offerings

Intended for students majoring in biology. Surveys animal classification, structure, function, development, and behavior. Includes laboratory. Extra Fee. Fee(s): Biology Laboratory Fee

Prerequisites: BIO 2101: C- or better AND Math Placement Level: B or better AND Math Placement Level: B or better

BIO 2102L: General Biology Lab (0)

Offerings

Lab Component of BIO 2102.

BIO 2103: General Biology (5)

Offerings

Intended for students majoring in biology. Surveys the non-animal kingdoms. Also covers plant structure and function, evolutionary mechanisms, and ecology. Includes laboratory. Extra Fee. Fee(s): Biology Laboratory Fee

Attributes: WK Applied Science Prerequisites: BIO 2101: C- or better AND Math Placement Level: B or better

BIO 2103F: General Biology Field Experience (0)

Offerings

Field experience for BIO 2103.

BIO 2103L: General Biology Lab (0)

Offerings

Lab Component of BIO 2103.

BIO 2129: Human Anatomy and Physiology (5)

Offerings

Studies the structure and function of the human organism. Includes cells and tissues, skeletal, integumentary, muscular, and nervous systems. Includes laboratory. Credit will not be given for both BIO 2129 and BIO 4410. Extra Fee. Fee(s): Biology Lab Fee

Attributes: WK Applied Science Prerequisites: CHM 1100: D or better OR CHM 1211: D or better OR CHM 1310: D or better OR Chemistry Proficiency Exam: 35 or better

BIO 2129L: Human Anatomy & Physiology Lab (0)

Offerings

Lab Component of BIO 2129.

BIO 2130: Human Anatomy and Physiology (5)

Offerings

Studies the structure and function of the human organism. Emphasizes the circulatory, immune, respiratory, digestive, endocrine, urinary, and reproductive systems. Includes laboratory. Credit will not be given for both BIO 2130 and BIO 4410. Extra Fee. Fee(s): Biology Lab Fee

Prerequisites: BIO 2129: C- or better

BIO 2130L: Human Anatomy & Physiology Lab (0)

Offerings

Lab Component of BIO 2130.

BIO 2571: Introduction to Biology (5)

Offerings

Intended for students majoring in Integrated Studies. Surveys scientific method, chemistry of living organisms, organization of cells, foundations of genetics and molecular biology, evolution, ecology, and diversity. Includes laboratory. Extra Fee. Fee(s): Biology Laboratory Fee

Attributes: WK Fundamental Science Prerequisites: PHY 2567: D or better OR CHM 1211: D or better OR (CHM 1310: D or better OR Chemistry Proficiency Exam: 30 or better)

BIO 2571F: Introduction to Biology: Field Experience (0)

Offerings

Field experience for BIO 2571.

BIO 2571L: Introduction to Biology Lab (0)

Offerings

Lab Component of BIO 2571.

BIO 2979: Introduction to Biological Research (1)

Offerings

The student will conduct research in a laboratory based on an existing project established by the faculty member as an introduction to the process of research in general and to that faculty member's research in particular. May be repeated for credit 2 times.

BIO 3000: Introduction to Biological Anthropology (5)

Offerings

Basic principles for understanding humans from a biological perspective. This course is a comprehensive introduction to the field of biological anthropology. Explores topics of human and non-human primate genetics, behavior and evolution as well as human ecology and medical anthropology.

Equivalents: ANT 3000 Attributes: Cultural Understand&Engagement, Upper-Division, Ways of Engaging Restrictions: Freshman, Sophomore students are excluded. Prerequisites: BIO 1101: D or better OR BIO 1103: D or better OR BIO 2103: D or better OR BIO 2571: D or better AND BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 3200: Geographic Information Systems in Biology (3)

Offerings

This course provides an introduction to the use of Geographic Information Systems. Specifically, the student will learn how to use ArcGIS with prepared data sets and will create their own GIS database based on field observations as a term project.

Equivalents: GDEV 3200 Attributes: Upper-Division

BIO 3302: Coral Reef Ecology (5)

Offerings

This study abroad course examines the coral reef ecosystem, with a special emphasis on the coral animals, fish, and seaweeds found at the study site. The interactions among different species and between each and the physical environment are considered. Students learn through evening lectures as well as daytime observations, measurements and manipulative experiments.

Attributes: Cultural Understand&Engagement, Upper-Division Prerequisites: BIO 2101: D or better

BIO 3303: Evolutionary Ecology in the Galapagos Islands (5)

Offerings

This is a study tour of the Galapagos Islands. During the course, we will explore the marine and terrestrial ecosystems of the Galapagos Islands, emphasizing the evolutionary and ecological factors that structure these communities.

Attributes: Upper-Division Restrictions: Undergraduate only. Prerequisites: BIO 2101: D or better AND BIO 2103: D or better

BIO 3304: Oceanography of the Galapagos Archipelago (5)

Offerings

This is a study tour of the Galapagos Islands. During the course we will explore the interdisciplinary study of oceanography within the context of the Galapagos Archipelago. Topics will include geologic formation of islands, oceanic currents, major climatic events, nutrient cycling and marine biodiversity.

Attributes: Upper-Division Restrictions: Applied Human Biology, Biology, Cellular and Molecular Biology, Ecology, Physiology Majors only. Prerequisites: BIO 2101: C- or better AND BIO 2103 can be taken concurrently: C- or better AND BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 3305: Marine Restoration Ecology (5)

Offerings

Principles of marine restoration ecology as well as supporting system-specific content to support a specific marine restoration project will be examined. For example, this course is offered as a study-abroad opportunity in Bali, Indonesia where coral reef restoration in an area damaged by cyanide fishing will be used as a focal project. The economic, political, and sociological drivers of human-environment interactions will be considered.

Attributes: Cultural Understand&Engagement, Upper-Division Prerequisites: BIO 1104: D or better OR BIO 1106: D or better OR BIO 2102: D or better OR BIO 2103: D or better

BIO 3310: Ecology (5)

Offerings

Explores the factors and mechanisms responsible for population dynamics, community structure, and the function of ecosystems. Includes laboratory. Extra Fee. Fee(s): Blakely/NMS Course Fee

Attributes: Upper-Division, Writing "W" Course Prerequisites: (BIO 2101: D or better AND BIO 2103: D or better) OR MAT 2360 can be taken concurrently: D or better AND BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 3310F: Ecology Field Experience (0)

Offerings

Field experience for BIO 3310.

BIO 3310L: Ecology Lab (0)

Offerings

Lab Component of BIO 3310.

BIO 3320: Principles of Development (5)

Offerings

Surveys principles of developmental biology in representative vertebrate and invertebrate models. Required laboratory is devoted to experimental and descriptive approaches to the study of development. Extra Fee. Fee(s): Biology Laboratory Fee

Attributes: Upper-Division, Writing "W" Course Prerequisites: BIO 2101: C- or better AND BIO 2102: C- or better AND BIO 3325: C- or better AND BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 3320L: Principles of Development Lab (0)

Offerings

Lab Component of BIO 3320.

BIO 3325: Genetics (5)

Offerings

Introduces inheritance of specific traits through the study of transmission genetics. Focuses on the biology of gene transmission, nucleic acids, chromosome structure, regulation, epigenetics, genetic disease and biotechnology. Research methods are stressed throughout the course. Includes laboratory. Extra Fee. Fee(s): Biology Laboratory Fee

Attributes: Upper-Division Restrictions: Applied Human Biology, Biochemistry, Biology, Cellular and Molecular Biology, Chemistry, Ecology, Life Science, Physiology Majors only. Prerequisites: BIO 2101: C- or better AND (MAT 2360: C- or better OR MAT 1235: C- or better) AND BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 3325L: Genetics Lab (0)

Offerings

Lab Component of BIO 3325.

BIO 3350: Immunology (3)

Offerings

Covers major features of innate and adaptive immunity, including antibodies, T cell receptors, leukocyte development, responses to bacterial and viral infections, vaccines, and disorders of the immune system such as allergy, autoimmunity, and AIDS. No laboratory.

Attributes: Upper-Division Restrictions: Freshman students are excluded. Prerequisites: BIO 2101: D or better OR (BIO 2129: D or better AND BIO 2130: D or better) AND BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 3351: General Microbiology (5)

Offerings

Gives an overview of the field of microbiology with an emphasis on the bacterial, viral and fungal organisms that cause disease in humans and animals. Required laboratory focuses on the appropriate handling, growth, and processing of microorganisms for clinical applications. Extra Fee. Fee(s): Biology Laboratory Fee

Attributes: Upper-Division Prerequisites: BIO 2101: C- or better OR (BIO 2129: D or better AND BIO 2130: C- or better) OR BIO 2571: D or better

BIO 3351L: General Microbiology Lab (0)

Offerings

Lab Component of BIO 3351.

BIO 3432: Biodiversity: Vertebrate Biology (5)

Offerings

Examines vertebrate life in an evolutionary context through the study of adaptations, comparative anatomy, paleontology, and natural history. Includes laboratory.

Attributes: Upper-Division Prerequisites: (BIO 2102: D or better AND BIO 2103: D or better) OR BIO 2571: D or better AND BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 3432L: Biodiversity: Vertebrate Biology Lab (0)

Offerings

Lab Component of BIO 3432.

BIO 3434: Animal Behavior (5)

Offerings

Examines the mechanisms and evolution of behavior in the major animal groups, exploring the application of scientific thinking and methodology to the study of animal behavior. Includes laboratory/discussion.

Attributes: Upper-Division, Writing "W" Course Prerequisites: (BIO 2102: D or better AND BIO 2103: D or better) OR BIO 2571: D or better AND BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 3434L: Animal Behavior Lab (0)

Offerings

Lab Component of BIO 3434.

BIO 3453: Biodiversity: Plant Identification and Taxonomy (5)

Offerings

Explores sampling, identification, and systematics of the major plant families with special emphasis on the flora of the Pacific Northwest. Includes laboratory/field studies. Extra Fee. Fee(s): Blakely/NMS Course Fee

Attributes: Upper-Division Prerequisites: (BIO 2103: D or better OR BIO 2571: D or better) AND BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 3453L: Biodiversity: Plant Identification and Taxonomy Lab (0)

Offerings

Lab Component of BIO 3453.

BIO 3615: Issues and Values in Biology (3)

Offerings

Examines ethical issues in biology and medicine that help shape a Christian worldview and value system. This immersive seminar-style course draws on readings in bioethics, health care, history, medical anthropology, philosophy, and science. Students will engage topics through multimedia resources, short written responses and a comprehensive research paper.

Attributes: Upper-Division, Ways of Engaging, Writing "W" Course Restrictions: Freshman, Sophomore students are excluded.

BIO 3898: Women in Science (2)

Offerings

This course will explore key scientific discoveries with a specific focus on the work of women scientists and the ways in which our understanding of the world has been heavily impacted by successes of these scientists. This course takes both a historical and current perspective to the contributions women scientists have made to their specific fields, including chemistry, physics, engineering, anthropology, and biology. May be repeated for credit 2 times.

Attributes: Upper-Division

BIO 3899: Scientific Literature (1)

Offerings

Students will read, discuss and present recent peer-reviewed journal articles in a selected subdiscipline of biology. The focus of the course will change from quarter to quarter, depending on the interests of the professor and students. May be repeated for credit 2 times.

Attributes: Upper-Division Prerequisites: BIO 2101: D or better AND BIO 2102: D or better AND BIO 2103: D or better AND BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 4256: Environmental Physiology (5)

Offerings

This course focuses on how individuals respond physiologically to their environment especially to maintain homeostasis and acquire nutrients. Topics covered will include circadian rhythms and responses to various stressors (e.g. light, heat, salinity, climate change, hypoxia). Two recurring themes will include discussion of the way in which organisms balance acclimation and adaptation; and the manner in which organisms balance tradeoffs.

Attributes: Upper-Division, Writing "W" Course Prerequisites: BIO 2102: D or better AND BIO 2103: D or better AND MAT 2360: D or better AND BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 4325: Molecular Biology (5)

Offerings

Detailed examination of the molecular mechanisms controlling the replication, regulation and function of nucleic acids in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Explores foundational principles of molecular genetics, molecular microbiology, genomics and genetic engineering including the central dogma, gene regulation, genomics, biotechnology and associated techniques used by researchers in these fields. Advanced research topics in molecular microbiology will be addressed in the context of an original research project. Includes intensive laboratory. Fee(s): Biology Laboratory Fee

Attributes: Upper-Division, Writing "W" Course Prerequisites: BIO 2101: D or better AND BIO 3325: D or better AND BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 4325L: Molecular Biology Lab (0)

Offerings

Lab Component of BIO 4325.

BIO 4330: Evolutionary Mechanisms (5)

Offerings

Explores population genetics as a mechanism of evolutionary change, emphasizing mutation, recombination, and selection. Considers speciation, quantitative genetics, neutral theory, phylogenetic systematics, history, and extinction. Includes discussion of micro-evolutionary and macro-evolutionary changes. Extra Fee. Includes laboratory.

Attributes: Upper-Division, Writing "W" Course Restrictions: Non-Matriculated are excluded. Prerequisites: BIO 2103: C- or better AND BIO 3325: C- or better AND MAT 2360: C- or better AND BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 4330L: Evolutionary Mechanisms Lab (0)

Offerings

Lab Component of BIO 4330.

BIO 4352: Cell Biology (5)

Offerings

Examines structure and functions of bacteria, plants, and animals, emphasizing cellular specialization, organelle models, and chemical dynamics. Includes laboratory. Extra Fee. Fee(s): Biology Laboratory Fee

Equivalents: EGR 4352 Attributes: Upper-Division, Writing "W" Course Prerequisites: BIO 3325: D or better AND CHM 3371 can be taken concurrently: D or better AND BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 4352L: Cell Biology Lab (0)

Offerings

Lab Component of BIO 4352.

BIO 4360: Biostatistics (5)

Offerings

Explores the nature and use of measurement and evaluation and standardized testing. Develops concepts and skills in the development, selection, administration, and interpretation of statistical tests. Specific topics covered may include the following: Analysis of variance and covariance; chi square tests; nonparametric procedure multiple and curvilinear regression; experimental design power of tests; and use of computer programs in standard statistical problems.

Attributes: Upper-Division Restrictions: Applied Human Biology, Biology, Cellular and Molecular Biology, Ecology, Life Science, Physiology Majors only. Prerequisites: (MAT 1360: D or better OR MAT 2360: D or better) AND BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 4361: Biochemistry (5)

Offerings

Studies chemical properties of biological compounds: carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids and proteins, and nucleic acids. Metabolism: biochemical energetics, enzymes, electron transport, and oxidative phosphorylation. Integration of metabolism: biochemical genetics, metabolic regulation. Includes laboratory. Extra Fee. Fee(s): Biology Laboratory Fee

Equivalents: CHM 4361 Attributes: Upper-Division, Writing "W" Course Prerequisites: CHM 3373: C- or better

BIO 4361L: Biochemistry Lab (0)

Offerings

Lab Component of BIO 4361.

BIO 4362: Biochemistry (5)

Offerings

Continuation of BIO 4361. Studies chemical properties of biological compounds: carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids, proteins, and nucleic acids. Metabolism: biochemical energetics, enzymes, electron transport, and oxidative phosphorylation. Integration of metabolism: biochemical genetics, metabolic regulation. Includes laboratory. Extra Fee. Fee(s): Biology Laboratory Fee

Equivalents: CHM 4362 Attributes: Upper-Division Prerequisites: (BIO 4361: C- or better OR CHM 4361: C- or better)

BIO 4362L: Biochemistry Lab (0)

Offerings

Lab Component of BIO 4362.

BIO 4363: Biochemistry (3)

Offerings

Explores selected topics including immunoglobulins and the immune system; bacterial cell walls; membrane transport; hormone action; control of expression; genetic code; muscle contraction; cell physiology; drug action; protein folding; HIV mechanisms; and mechanisms of infectious disease. Seminar format with leading researchers presenting current work. No laboratory.

Equivalents: CHM 4363 Attributes: Upper-Division Prerequisites: (BIO 4362: D or better OR CHM 4362: D or better)

BIO 4410: Human Physiology (5)

Offerings

Investigates human physiology from an evolutionary perspective. The study of physiological homeostasis (e.g. cell signaling and tissue dynamics, muscle contraction and development, cardiovascular and respiratory integration) will be contrasted with the same systems under stress (e.g. illness or environmental changes). No credit will be given for students who have taken BIO 2129 or BIO 2130. Includes Laboratory. Extra Fee. Fee(s): Biology Lab Fee

Attributes: Upper-Division Prerequisites: BIO 2101: D or better AND BIO 2102: D or better AND (CHM 1330: D or better OR CHM 3371: D or better) AND BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 4410L: Human Physiology Lab (0)

Offerings

Lab Component of BIO 4410.

Attributes: Upper-Division

BIO 4413: Animal Physiology (5)

Offerings

Investigates the integrative physiology of invertebrate and vertebrate animals. The endocrine, neuromuscular, cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive and urogenital systems will be discussed. Includes laboratory. Extra Fee. Fee(s): Biology Laboratory Fee

Attributes: Upper-Division, Writing "W" Course Prerequisites: (BIO 2101: D or better AND BIO 2102: D or better) OR (BIO 2129: D or better AND BIO 2130: D or better) AND (CHM 1330: D or better OR CHM 3372: D or better) AND BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 4413L: Animal Physiology Lab (0)

Offerings

Lab Component of BIO 4413.

BIO 4415: Plant Physiology (5)

Offerings

Considers photosynthesis, material transport, seed germination, growth and development, flowering and fruiting, and hormones of plants. The relationship of structure and function will be emphasized. Includes laboratory. Fee(s): Biology Laboratory Fee

Attributes: Upper-Division, Writing "W" Course Prerequisites: BIO 2101: D or better AND BIO 2103: D or better AND BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 4415L: Plant Physiology-Lab (0)

Offerings

Lab Component of BIO 4415.

BIO 4418: Neurobiology (5)

Offerings

An introduction to the neurosciences, focusing on fundamental concepts and comparative aspects of nervous-system structure and function. Laboratory makes extensive use of invertebrate models to examine the cellular basis of behavior, including neuronal morphology, electrophysiology, and transmitter chemistry. Includes laboratory. Extra Fee. Fee(s): Biology Laboratory Fee

Attributes: Upper-Division Prerequisites: (BIO 2101: D or better AND BIO 2102: D or better) OR (BIO 2129: D or better AND BIO 2130: D or better) AND BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 4418L: Neurobiology Lab (0)

Offerings

Lab Component of BIO 4418.

BIO 4420: Histology and Microscopic Technology (5)

Offerings

Examines microscopic anatomy of cells, tissues, and organ/systems, examining their structure and the morphological evidences of their function. Emphasizes human histology. Includes laboratory. Typically offered: Alternate Years. Fee(s): Biology Laboratory Fee

Attributes: Upper-Division Prerequisites: BIO 2101: D or better AND BIO 2102: D or better AND BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 4420L: Histology and Microscopic Technology-Lab (0)

Offerings

Lab Component of BIO 4420.

BIO 4435: Biodiversity: Parasites and Pests (5)

Offerings

Explores the biology and classification of medically and economically important organisms, with emphasis on protozoa, parasitic worms, insects, and mites. Provides a survey of parasitic disease, vector biology, and animal pests of livestock and crops. Includes laboratory. Extra Fee. Fee(s): Biology Laboratory Fee

Attributes: Upper-Division Prerequisites: BIO 2101: D or better AND BIO 2102: D or better AND BIO 2103: D or better AND BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 4435L: Biodiversity: Parasites & Pests Lab (0)

Offerings

Lab Component of BIO 4435.

BIO 4744: Marine Botany (5)

Offerings

Provides a field and laboratory course emphasizing identification, life histories, habitats, and interrelationships of marine plants with emphasis on local flora and Blakely Island. Includes laboratory. Typically Offered: Summer Quarter at Blakely Island Field Station.

Attributes: Upper-Division Prerequisites: (BIO 2101: D or better AND BIO 2103: D or better) OR BIO 2571: D or better AND BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 4810: Marine Ecology (5)

Offerings

Considers recent advances in marine ecology. Symbioses, predation, herbivory, and interactions with the physical environment will be emphasized. Laboratory and field work will include the application of ecological techniques to a specific problem and will include the writing of reports describing the results. Typically offered: Summer Quarter at Blakely Island Field Station. Fee(s): Blakely/NMS Course Fee

Attributes: Upper-Division, Writing "W" Course Prerequisites: (BIO 2102: D or better AND BIO 2103: D or better) OR BIO 2571: D or better AND BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 4815: Aquatic Ecology (5)

Offerings

Introduces students to the biology of freshwater organisms. The physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of flowing and standing water habitats will be studied. The field and laboratory work will focus on lakes, streams, and marshes. Typically offered: Summer Quarter at Blakely Island Field Station.

Attributes: Upper-Division Prerequisites: (BIO 2101: D or better AND BIO 2102: D or better AND BIO 2103: D or better) OR BIO 2571: D or better AND BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 4825: Forest Ecology (5)

Offerings

Examines the organisms that comprise the forest ecosystem and their interaction with the physical environment. Emphasis will be placed on field study of forest community composition and the forest as a biologically modified habitat. Typically offered: Summer Quarter at Blakely Island Field Station.

Attributes: Upper-Division Prerequisites: (BIO 2103: D or better OR BIO 2571: D or better) AND BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 4835: Conservation Biology (5)

Offerings

Considers values of, threats to, and strategies for conserving biodiversity. Theories of conservation biology will be applied to local biodiversity on Blakely Island. Field exercises will focus on assessing biodiversity of distinct taxa and honing skills for identifying the diversity of plants and animals near the field station.

Attributes: Upper-Division Prerequisites: BIO 1104: D or better OR BIO 1106: D or better OR (BIO 2101: D or better AND BIO 2102: D or better AND BIO 2103: D or better) AND BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 4840: Chemical Ecology (5)

Offerings

Explores the physical, physiological, and ecological bases for chemical communication between organisms. Requires laboratory. Focuses on independent student projects using physiological and behavioral research techniques. Fee(s): Biology Laboratory Fee

Attributes: Upper-Division, Writing "W" Course Prerequisites: BIO 2101: D or better AND BIO 2102: D or better AND BIO 2103: D or better AND BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 4840L: Chemical Ecology Lab (0)

Offerings

Lab Component of BIO 4840.

BIO 4880: Blakely Field Studies (1)

Offerings

Prerequisite: BioCORE placement level 3 (or admission to a major). Provides a brief (e.g., weekend) field learning experience focusing on a single aspect of the Blakely Island environment, such as fresh water, marine, or terrestrial habitats. Typically offered at Blakely Island Field Station. Course may only be repeated for credit if a different topic is studied. May be repeated for credit 5 times. Fee(s): Blakely/NMS Course Fee

Attributes: Upper-Division Prerequisites: BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 4899: Natural Sciences Seminar (1)

Offerings

Prerequisite: BioCORE placement level 3 (or admission to a major). A capstone experience for seniors that explores current natural sciences topics in an interdisciplinary setting. Seminars addressing current research advances, ethical issues in science, or the intersection of science, vocation, and Christian faith are presented by faculty, students, and guest scholars. Discussion and reflection incorporate appropriate readings. A minimum of two quarters of seminar must be completed during the senior year to fulfill the senior capstone requirement. May be repeated for credit 3 times.

Equivalents: PHY 4899, CHM 4899 Attributes: Upper-Division Restrictions: Post-Baccalaureate, Senior students only. Prerequisites: BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 4900: Independent Study in Biology (1-5)

Offerings

Prerequisite: BioCORE placement level 3 (or admission to a major). Directed readings and/or investigation on special topics. May be repeated for credit up to 5 credits.

Attributes: Upper-Division Prerequisites: BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 4917: Latin American Studies Program: Science Seminar (6)

Offerings

Prerequisite: Acceptance into Latin American Studies program. Taught through the semester-long program of the Council for Christian Colleges and Universities in Costa Rica. This seminar introduces students to biological field studies in a tropical location. May be taken as an alternative to SBS 4919, but is not recommended for the LAS major. Part of the tropicals science track.

Attributes: Upper-Division Restrictions: Freshman, Non-Matriculated students are excluded.

BIO 4918: Latin American Studies Program: Field Research (3)

Offerings

Prerequisite: Acceptance into the Latin American Studies program. Taught through semester-long program of the Council for Christian Colleges and Universities in Costa Rica. Part of the tropical science track.

Attributes: Upper-Division

BIO 4930: Biology Practicum (1-5)

Offerings

Prerequisite: BioCORE placement level 3 (or admission to a major). Provides opportunity for applied biology. Selected students are assigned teaching, grading, lab preparation, and/or tutoring responsibilities. May be repeated for credit up to 5 credits.

Attributes: Upper-Division Prerequisites: BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 4940: Internship in Biology (1-5)

Offerings

Prerequisite: BioCORE placement level 3 (or admission to a major). Provides a significant learning experience under faculty supervision in a work-study environment either on or off campus. May be repeated for credit up to 5 credits.

Attributes: Upper-Division Prerequisites: BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 4950: Special Studies in Biology (1-5)

Offerings

Provides selected field-study topics offered at Biology Department's discretion: Hawaiian marine biology; Caribbean marine biology (e.g., Belize); Galapagos Islands natural history; Sonoran Desert biology; Alpine flora; and others. May be repeated for credit up to 6 credits.

Attributes: Upper-Division

BIO 4970: Research Methods in Biology (1-5)

Offerings

Prerequisite: BioCORE placement level 3 (or admission to a major). Provides theoretical foundation and practical experience in specific research methods used in the biological sciences. Each course focuses on a single research methodology, such as scanning or transmission electron microscopy (SEM, TEM), flourescence microscopy, nucleic acid sequencing and others. May be repeated for credit up to 15 credits. Fee(s): Biology Laboratory Fee

Attributes: Upper-Division Prerequisites: BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 4978: Biological Research Proposal (1)

Offerings

Prerequisite: BioCORE placement level 3 (or admission to a major). The student will prepare a proposal including a literature review and methods description for a biological research project.

Attributes: Upper-Division, Writing "W" Course Prerequisites: BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 4979: Biological Research (1-4)

Offerings

The student will conduct research based on a proposal prepared prior to registering for this course. Results of the research will be presented at undergraduate or professional symposia. May be repeated for credit up to 12 credits.

Attributes: Upper-Division Prerequisites: BIO 4978: D or better AND BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better

BIO 4982: Advanced Biological Research (1-5)

Offerings

The student will conduct research based on a proposal prepared prior to registering for this course. Results of the research will be presented at undergraduate or professional symposia. May be repeated for credit up to 30 credits.

Attributes: Upper-Division Prerequisites: BIO 4979: D or better AND BioCORE Placement Current: 3 or better